The ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine has created an energy crisis, which has impacted the EU, given its significant reliance on Russian natural gas. This brief explores three scenarios to replace Russian natural gas: increasing gas imports from other regions, increasing domestic production, and accelerating energy efficiency. The scenarios are benchmarked against a baseline scenario that reflects mitigation efforts implied by Nationally Determined Contributions and Long-Term Strategies. The brief aims to provide insights into the trade-offs between the different approaches to replacing Russian gas and their implications for energy sustainability, affordability, and emissions.
The purpose of this policy brief is to provide external stakeholders with an overview of the envisaged modelling process of the IAM COMPACT project and explain the stakeholder engagement strategy that will form a core part of this process. The strategy revolves around the policy response mechanism, a process that will facilitate constructive dialogue and knowledge sharing between stakeholders and modellers with the aim of generating policy-relevant insights from the IAM COMPACT research agenda.